Environment Ministry partners with WWF through Bezos Earth Fund to protect and restore mangroves in Fiji
This was emphasized by the Minister for Agriculture, Waterways and Environment, Hon. Dr. Mahendra Reddy while launching the Ministry of Environment's Conservation and Management of Fiji’s Mangrove Ecosystems policy in commemoration of the International Day for the Conservation of the Mangrove Ecosystem 2021.
“Various studies have shown that mangroves are being destroyed at 3-5 times greater than average rates of forest loss. Over a quarter of the original mangrove cover has already disappeared. The Mangrove ecosystems contribute to the wellbeing, food security, and the protection of coastal communities worldwide. They support a rich biodiversity and provide a valuable nursery habitat for fish and crustaceans. Mangroves also act as a form of natural coastal defense against storm surges, tsunamis, rising sea levels and erosion. Their soils are highly effective carbon sinks, sequestering vast amounts of carbon,” Dr. Reddy said.
“In the Pacific region, Fiji has the third largest mangrove ecosystem which has been estimated to be around 43650ha. (NBSAP 2020 – 2025). The Department of Environment is currently reviewing this data together with the relevant stakeholders. Coastal ecosystems produce and sequester significant amounts of carbon ("blue carbon"), which has been well documented. Blue carbon in mangroves represents one of highest values of carbon stocks per hectare and could play an important role in climate change mitigation.”
The Hon. Minister also announced the Ministry of Environment’s partnership with WWF on the Mangrove for Community Climate Initiative – funded in part by the Bezos Earth Fund. The Bezos Earth Fund was founded by Jeff Bezos founder and Executive Chair of Amazon in February 2020.
“Under this new trilateral partnership, an initial investment of $600,000 has been secured and will be used to protect and restore mangroves, which sequester carbon and protect coastal communities from the ravages of climate-accelerated weather events. A Mangrove Management regulation under the Environment Management Act 2005 and a national guideline will be developed to restore degraded mangrove ecosystems as part of the initiative,” Dr. Reddy said.
WWF Pacific’s Director Mark Drew added that it draws attention to the importance of protecting and conserving mangroves worldwide, including Fiji.
“We believe that although nature can exist without people, people cannot exist without nature and it is an imperative to find balance. In Fiji specifically, our efforts have centered on the Great Sea Reef- locally known as Cakaulevu enhancing community resilience and the resiliency of coastal ecosystems they depend on mangroves included,” he said.
“WWF is focusing increasing efforts towards Nature Based Solutions using principles of restoration ecology, building with nature and people-inclusive conservation. Additionally, recognizing both the urgent need to increase conservation investments and the opportunity to engage the private sector, WWF is working to identify modalities of conservation financing here in Fiji and beyond.”
“Central to WWF’s work is supporting host country government efforts to conserve and protect natural resources. Our view is if we can work with and support national and sub-national government priorities, we will advance a common agenda of achieving sustainable development,” he said.
The Fiji’s Mangrove Ecosystems policy will enforce and strengthen existing protection measures on Fiji’s mangrove ecosystem with efforts to halt further mangrove losses and supports the restoration of degraded mangrove ecosystems and its functions. It will further promote mangrove stewardship and community partnership through vigorous community engagement, public awareness and outreach campaigns.